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Top Three Essential Oils and Hair Loss Solutions

You have heard a lot about essential oils and hair loss. For years now, you have been trying to desperately grow your tresses, but it may already be due to your genes why your mane takes a long time to regrow. You have tried a lot of products and treatments, but the results were superficial. You want something that will last and produce a great effect, hence you are serious in finding out more about essential oils and hair growth.

First and foremost, do not confuse mineral oils and essential oils. There are a lot of hair care products that contain mineral oils, which are synthetic elements that act as preservatives. Mineral oils are derived from petroleum sources. These can clog the pores of your skin, making it hard for your skin to get rid of toxins. As a result, you will not see tremendous effects in terms of hair growth and the products may also have negative effects on your tresses and skin in the long run.

Switch to Essential Oils and Hair Growth Products

It is best that you try out the oils and hair growth products first before continuing with its use. This way, you can test if you are allergic to any of these natural oils and also to find out which one will work best for the type of tresses that you have.

To help you decide which products to use, here’s a list of the top essential oils that are beneficial for your mane.

1. Lavender Essential Oil. This is typically grown in places with temperate climates. The oil was used by ancient practitioners in treating and preventing baldness, as well as in growing the tresses. This is effective because of its antibacterial elements that can help in treating scalp problems. When it reaches the hair shaft, the oil works its wonders in getting rid of dandruff and in eliminating the dryness of the skin.

You can use the infused oil in massaging your head and scalp nightly. Its scent has a calming effect, which can help you sleep soundly. When you wake up in the morning, use an organic shampoo in washing your locks. Towel dry your hair before styling and avoid using a blow dryer or any products that utilize heat such as curlers and irons. Lavender oil can add volume to your hair with continued use.

If you have time, you can also make your own lavender water and use this in rinsing your tresses every day. To do this, you need to boil some sprigs of the plant in water, simmer for around 20 minutes and cool. The combination of the oil and water will make your hair shiny, your scalp healthy and your mane smelling really good.

2. Jojoba Essential Oil. Aside from its effectiveness in supporting hair growth, the reason why this can be found in many essential oils and hair growth products, this is also known for giving moisture to the tresses. Its molecular characteristics can be likened to the oil that the glands in the scalp naturally produce. Unlike many essential oils, which need to be diluted in carrier oils before using, jojoba oil can be directly applied to the hair and scalp. Actually, this is used as a carrier oil for many essential oils and hair growth products. This kind of oil is hypoallergenic, so it won’t harm your scalp, skin and mane.

3. Rosemary Essential Oil. This can be used to grow your tresses and to delay the process of developing gray hair. This helps the scalp by improving its blood circulation. You can mix a few drops of this oil with olive oil and use the result in massaging the scalp. The leaves of rosemary can be boiled, simmered and cooled to produce water that you can use in rinsing your locks. The practice can help in retaining the natural color of your tresses. This is popularly practiced by people with black hair.

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Survival And Emergency Tips

There are few things to remember in times of emergency, and it is best if you are always prepared since you cannot tell when such emergency situation strikes you.

1. Always have a standby emergency kit. Make it available at all times with enough supplies and at least three to seven days of stocks for every member of the households. The emergency kit should at least include all the necessary items required for human survival such as can goods, water, flashlights, can opener, disposable eating utensils, battery operated radio, emergency instructional manual and a standby fully charged mobile phone with numbers of those individuals to contact in times of trouble. Include the special items indicated for your family members such as prescription medicine, feminine hygiene, diapers for small children and others. Have a standby amount of money inside your emergency kit also and be sure that you will not be using it.

2. Design a strategic plan for your premises. Orient your family members on the things to do and the things to prioritize during emergency situation. Specify the numbers of individuals your children should contact in times of emergency. Specify their numbers and places. At home, children should be instructed on how to contact this person during emergency situations. Plan another meeting location aside from your own home. This is to ensure that your plan will not be ruined because of miscommunication or failure to gather because of opposite directions. It is best if family should practice such task to prepare everyone during crisis situation.

3. The emergency kit should be prepared and stocked in a dry and cool place. Ensure that the foods are on their fresh manufacture date. If possible, avoid placing this kit in your garage due to shifts in temperature. The water should be replaced between three to six months and smoke detectors installed in your premise should be checked by a technician in a monthly basis. This is to ensure that your security alarm systems are updated in times of trouble.

4. Since today is a crisis day, it is best to ensure that your valuables are protected. List down all your expensive valuables including appliances, gadgets and jewelries. You can even take pictures for additional proof. Store any legal documents and documentation in a safe place where fire of flood cannot damage them. Such place includes your relative’s house, bank vault or time deposit box.

5. Have a tangible copy of important documents. This is most important to items like your personal identification cards such as social security card, driver’s license, tax identification card, land title, marriage contract, baptismal and birth certificates, diplomas and other legal documents which you find necessary. This is for fire protection. If something happens to your house, valuables or family members, you will not experience difficulties in the claims such as insurance and others.

6. Ensure that you and your place are ensured. There are a lot of insurances covering individuals to houses nationwide. Such insurances are available during disaster of natural calamity. Other companies offer insurance more than the worth of your properties so it is better to have one. Make sure that you are updated in terms of the payment scheme so that you can claim in times of trouble.

7. Lastly, never ever forget about your pets. They are part of your family also. Include them in the emergency precaution and action plan designed for your family. Some households give less priority to their pets than their property during crisis. Love your pets like you love your children and be kind to them.

Wanda Walker enjoys writing for Expresssafety.com.au which sells Spill kits and Tapes as well as a host of additional products.

Prepare For Home Invasions Now and For TSHTF. There are things that you can do now to prepare you home and your family against home invasions that will help …

Success Factors – What Does Wilderness Survival Have to Do With Being Successful?

There is one you can count on one thing in life; things are seldom going to work out like you had planned. This does not mean you cannot become successful. I did not say that you won’t be able to achieve your goals, but the path you take to most of them won’t be the one you had planned. In fact, Dwight David Eisenhower once said “In preparing for battle, I have found that plans are useless, but planning is indispensable.”

“In preparing for battle, I have found that plans are useless, but planning is indispensable.”
-Dwight David Eisenhower

Eisenhower had learned the hard way that even the most brilliant battle plan was going to go all to hell the moment they encountered the enemy. Why then, would he, or anyone else, take the time to create a battle plan to begin with? Eisenhower knew that unless he took the time to form a battle plan, he would never be forced to think about the almost unlimited number of things that could go wrong, causing him to deviate from his plan.

Because he had engaged in the process of planning (make that thinking) while he was formulating his plan, he had in mind, plan B’s, C’s and D’s. Then, the moment his plan was shattered, he would most likely know what the best alternative would be. Those who engage in nothing but “positive” or “Pollyanna” type thinking, refusing to consider what could go wrong, often find themselves shell shocked, having no idea what to do next, when their well crafted plan has gone awry.

Ultimately, It’s not the Plan that Is Valuable, It’s the Planning that Matters Most

Some people would say that considering what could go wrong is negative and should be avoided at all costs. I would say that someone who refuses to consider, and then develop contingency plans for the things that could go wrong (because they will) is just stupid. Some people have benefited from the movie, and later, the book The Secret.

Those that Think Only of What They Want to Happen are Frequently Caught Off Guard; They Refuse to Use One Critical Success Factor

Others, however, have become the equivalent of the mindless zombies that were created by the Rev. Jim Jones in Guyana, thinking that all they have to do is think about what you want with enough desire, and everything they desire will somehow materialize in their life. When followers of The Secret complain that they are thinking constantly about what they desire, but it’s still not showing up, they are told that they just aren’t thinking about it with enough emotional intensity, because when they do, it will arrive. If that were the case, then I and every other teenage boy would have had a harem of naked, blonde haired and blue eyed Swiss women to answer our every beck and call. Clearly, that was not the case.

Tom Brown is the author of America’s bestselling wilderness series. In Tom Brown’s Field Guide: Wilderness Survival, Tom suggests that we get into the habit of always asking ourselves questions about what we might encounter in a survival situation. Questions like “What if I lose my lighter and I need to start a fire?” “What if its cold and it’s too windy to get a fire started, and hypothermia is only 30 minutes away?” When you have already thought about questions like these, and have workable answers firmly seated in your head, not only will your confidence level soar, but if the time comes when you do face that situation, there won’t be any decision to make–you’ll just do it.

How much more confidence would you have if you developed the habit of planning/thinking about what you might encounter, and developing a backup plan if that situation occurs? More than you know.

The key with using this approach is to keep your goal fixed out in front of you. When people allow this approach to turn “negative”, it’s only because they allow the thoughts of what could go wrong to shut them down. Instead of immediately coming up with a strategy to effectively deal with these temporary setbacks, they get scared, forget about the goal, and then…well, you know the rest.

Stop plowing blindly into your ventures thinking “everything will be fine!” and refusing to consider the “obstacles” you will encounter. Know that you will experience things you’d rather not, and, that you’ll be able to move through, around, under, or over them, because you already know what you’ll do, if they do in fact occur.

Become a Successful Quitter

I’ve reached the point in my life, that once I’ve decided to do something, it will happen- period. I realize there are many variables I don’t control, like how long it will take, what strategy I’ll use etc. But I have accepted that. Will there be goals that you set, that, somewhere along the way, you determine are no longer meaningful to you, so you abandon them? Of course. That’s what I call being a successful quitter.

If you’d like more on that idea I would urge you to read Seth Godin’s The Dip. To continue on a path that no longer has “heart” is foolish, but walking away from something that no longer inspires you is usually the smartest thing you can do. Quitting, however, something that still has “heart” just because you start to doubt yourself is just plain wimpy.

Begin today, as Tom Brown suggests, asking yourself questions about the kinds of things you had always been told to “not think about.” As your confidence grows, you’ll know you’ve embarked on a new way of thinking-one that makes your journey through life much more fulfilling.

© Copyright 2009-Vincent Harris-All Rights Reserved.

Vincent Harris is a Body Language Expert and the author of The Productivity Epiphany. Get a FREE copy of Vince’s Advanced Body Language Report “The Science of Making a Great First Impression” valued at , and his Ebook “A Step by Step System for Achieving Any Goal, a value at http://www.vinceharris.info

Anticipate And Prepare To Survive 2012

The year 2012 has earned a very bad name to a lot of people already. With predictions saying that it is the end of the world, many are already in fear of what may happen by this year. However, this must not be a total cause of alarm. With knowing how to  Survive 2012, you can be certain that nothing unfortunate will happen to you. This is true as well even for people who are just laughing about this prediction.

The Mayan calendar states that 2012 is the end of the world, which they call the happening of the most cataclysmic event. Despite being a myth for a lot of people, many scientists have already researched and supported this. They explain that in the year 2012, the sun, earth, and Milky Way will be aligned together, which will result into the shifting of the North and South Poles to the equator. This event will then lead to floods, volcanic eruptions, storms, and earthquakes that have the power to destroy the world.

With this, whether this is true or not, you must be prepared for what may happen in 2012. The only thing you can do to  Survive 2012 is take note of these following guides:

* Locate the best shelter. It is very important that you know the safest and best places to hide when this time comes. A good shelter for events like this is a stable bunker. Plus, experts suggest that Madagascar, mountains of Turkey, Morocco, Ethiopia, and Spain are the safest places in 2012. This is because these places are known to be free from flood, tsunami, earthquake, and storm. Plus, they are also known to be safe from any kind of nuclear fall-out.

Store necessary things for survival Since no one knows what will exactly happen on this date, store as early as possible all necessary things you might need in order to survive. Prepare foods like rice, grains, lentils, and the like. Try to preserve foods and bring along canned goods. Provide emergency kits and toiletries. And most importantly, bring a lot of water with you for among the others, this is the most vital thing a human will need in order to live long.

Go ahead and also prepare kitchenware, toiletries, emergency kits, generators, matches, and light. If you have a complte stock of all of these, there are higher chances that you can survive this catastrophe.

There is nothing wrong to prepare for the end of the world. It will not harm you even a bit if you try even just one of these things. Whether the prediction is true or not, what matters here is that you can be certain to yourself that you can  Survive 2012. So live confidently now and prepare for the possibility of this scenario.

You can surely Survive 2012 by knowing what to expect. Be informed and protect your family.

Japan vs USA

In August 2010 the hurricane called Katrina hit Louisiana in the USA and the physical devastation was very similar to that of the Earthquake, Tsunami and subsequent nuclear disaster that hit Japan on March 11, 2011. The differences between the two were the advance notice that the USA and its agencies had versus no advance notice the government of Japan had.

The USA government agency known as Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) was so incompetent that it took them five (5) days to get fresh water to people trapped in the Superdome in New Orleans.

Japanese authorities evacuated people living outside a 20 kilometer radius of the Fukushima Dalichi power plant within 24 hours. “That was a decision taken in the first 24 hours, which is exactly when you need to take it and from that day we were avoiding the worst scenario,” said Director of Public Health and Environment at the World Health Organization (WHO), Maria Neira. “So, that was a very important decision and the one that is protecting the human health from those that had been evacuated.”

Experts suggest no major public health impact and no immediate risk of people getting cancer is expected from the release of radiation from the Fukushima plants. However, they suggest everyone remain vigilant and they plan to maintain a system to monitor the people and environment involved in this nuclear disaster in the years to come. Screening of people for radiation began one day after the earthquake on March 12.

Companies in Japan are showing their desire to help, such as; Fuji Electric Co. has developed a device to measure the radiation levels of fresh foods like meat, fish and vegetables in just 12 seconds or so, even when packed inside cardboard boxes. Metawater Co. is marketing a system for around-the-clock monitoring of water and wastewater for the presence of radioactive substances.

Some of these procedures put into effect have caught many foods with excessive radiation normally exported by Japan before they left the country. However, the USA has been playing with the numbers and has raised the tolerances, which means the public must decide what is acceptable for themselves as the US government obviously does not care about citizen health.

The earthquake and tsunami that struck Japan’s northeast coast on March 11 killed more than 25,000 people, destroyed or damaged some 60,000 houses, and left 110,000 homeless. The Japanese town of Minamisoma was extremely hard hit by the disaster as it killed several hundred residents. Tens of thousands people were then forced to evacuate as reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant 30 kilometers away, went into meltdown. Now many residents who remain feel as though they have been abandoned by the Japanese government.

Months have passed since the March 11 disaster, and demand for industrial materials has yet to show signs of taking off despite earlier predictions of a reconstruction-led boom.

Analysts say the world’s worst nuclear accident in a quarter of a century could cost Japan between $ 50 billion and $ 100 billion. Japan, which has been in economic doldrums since the 1990s, needs to figure out how to pay the cost of rebuilding hundreds of communities washed away by tsunami and other cities that suffered substantial quake damage. Some economists predict that will cost an additional $ 200 billion.

Before the 5.8 magnitude quake centered in Mineral, Virginia shook the east coast of the US on August 23rd the US government agency, Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), placed on it’s website a FAQ document asking the simple question “Japan, Can It Happen Here?”

In typical and expected government speech they failed to answer the question, either Yes or No. They instead place a convoluted explanation that it was an unusual set of circumstances. Sounds like the NRC must have selective memory problems as they have forgotten Three Mile Island. Fortunately, Old Dominion Power was not willing to take risks and took precautionary steps to avoid a disaster.

What this clearly illustrates is that governments as a whole cannot be trusted with citizen safety or well being. That many supposedly helpful agencies are simply not trust worthy and are a waste of taxpayer money.

Copyright © 2011 JD Durham

JD Durham is a World Class Technician, an Automotive Hall of Fame honoree with 45 years experience in the automotive service and repair industry and a staff writer. Visit Straight Talk Automotive for Chrysler Miller Specialty Tools, and other manufacturer specialty OEM tools at fantastic pricing.

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College Campus Skills – What You Need in Order to Survive College

College is a whole new world and it comes with a set of increased demands. Students, in order to evolve and mature, need to adapt and survive. To make sure you are prepared for some changes that will happen in college, you need to pick up a new group of skills. Many of the skills necessary may be skills that you already have, and they just need to be adjusted to fit your new unique demands as a successful college student.

An important skill may be to develop a sensible schedule and to stick to it. As a new college student, it may be difficult to resist scheduling all of your one right after the other so that you can get them done as early as possible and out of the way for each day. You should realize that instead of this allowing you more time to relax later on in the day, it will instead provide you lots of stress as you have to worry about classes and academics for hours on end and in a row. Some really good advice is to come up with a tolerable college class schedule that fits into your day and provides you with some flexibility, and at the same time doesn’t wear you down.

Another useful college campus survival tip is to develop a routine. This is one step beyond coming up with a class schedule, and really makes sure that you are sticking to schedule by making something part of your routine. A very well designed routine can help outline how you use your time that you are not spending in classrooms. It is good advice for new students to spend roughly two hours studying for every one hour of time spent class. And don’t forget to plan some breaks into your routine for unexpected things to come up or to just get chores like laundry and shopping out of the way. Remember, you don’t have to be super strict with your routine, but your survival on any college campus is more secure when you stick to good habits and achievable goals as part of a wider educational standard.

Are you a college student? Upload your photo and rate other college students at http://www.collegeandliberty.com.

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A Timeshare Presentation Survival Guide.

Millions of people attend a timeshare presentation every year. Millions more are invited but do not attend. You are probably one of those people, and if you’re not, it is pretty easy to get yourself invited to one. I honestly love sales presentations, but that is because I know sales tactics which helps me see them for what they are and survive them. That being said, I find many of them to be informational and fun, and the fancy snacks and “free” gift offered are not shabby either.

What exactly is a timeshare presentation?

Down to the nuts and bolts: It is nothing but a sales pitch by the timeshare companies to entice people into buying their timeshares. It begins with an invitation offering you an expensive free gift in return of attending the presentation. Now you go to the presentation thinking that there is no harm in attending and you get a free gift also in return, but you then realize that you may have made a huge mistake when you need to sit through an uncomfortable sales meeting.

I personally have been to probably five or six presentations. We did purchase one on the fifth, and I personally love our timeshare and am happy we purchased it. I want to say this because I think it will help with the context of my survival tips which are as follows.

1) Be rational, not emotional

Any sale which is made on emotion has a higher likelihood of buyer’s remorse. A rational decision can be explained that it was a good idea at the time and in that circumstance. An emotional decision is one that may not have been made otherwise which could lead to bitter feelings. So be careful of how you are feeling during the sales meeting. Rationally, you want to know what you are getting, know what it will cost you, so you can decide if it is the right decision for you. Ask rational questions about cost and about what you are getting. Once you decide “no”, make sure it is a business decision that just doesn’t make sense. In this way you do not have to harbor ill feelings. You can justifiably say “no”. Responses could simply be “Okay, I understand. I can see we are not going to make use of this so it’s not in our interest to spend money on it.” A popular sales response is “Well, how much can you afford?”. You can be realistic and say that if the price were low enough you’d consider it, but if you don’t think you will ever use it, a fine answer is that as you will never use it, there is no reason to spend any amount of money on it. Realize that for your gift you agreed to give them their time so you will get more attempts at sales. So be polite and thank them for your gift.

2) Be confident in your decision

Expert salespeople are able to break resistance down. If you know your decision, remain absolute about it. Keep a polite and open mind, but also be confident in what you want and what you don’t want. We had been invited to a presentation a few years back and were offered a $ 75 gift card for our time. We were interested in the gift card and knew that there was a slim to none chance we would want what they were offering. As they did make the offer, we accepted. We still kept an open mind but could tell early on we would not be interested. In the one-on-one, we were steadfast about our decision. The sales person tried quite a few times but as we remained absolute he could see that any more time on us would be wasted time when he could be selling to someone who would be more likely to buy.

3) Remain objective and keep an open mind.

Do not go in with resistance. Have an open mind. Because maybe a timeshare purchase is the right thing for you, but having a closed mind already will be frustrating to you when the salesperson makes their pitch, and it will be frustrating to the salesperson as well because he will feel he did not even get a chance to make a pitch. Prepare for your presentation and go in knowing what you are looking for.

For the purchase we made in Hawaii, my wife and I had already discussed beforehand the merits of owning a timeshare. We realized we love Hawaii, we loved traveling, we could see ourselves going to Hawaii at least every other year, and with this in mind we just had to see if it made financial sense.

Even the presentation I mentioned before with the $ 75 gift card we entered with an open mind. We knew what our goals were and that a timeshare was not involved, but we still wanted to be fair and listened with an open mind. It was clear quickly that we would not be interested, but having an open mind was the fair thing to do and set a good habit because sometimes opportunities will come along that you will miss if you have a closed mind, such as a nice Hawaii timeshare which fit in perfectly with our life plans.

Having an open and objective mind from the start I felt helped everyone be at ease. At a certain point in the sales presentation you will know if it is for you or not, and then from there just remain consistent with your choice which you made with an open mind.

In conclusion, you can think of a timeshare purchase like an automobile purchase. Some sales people are friendly and courteous while others are pushy and intimidating. Do not let a bad experience with a car salesperson influence your thoughts of what a car is. Cars are great for those that need them. Similarly, don’t let a bad timeshare presentation influence what you think of timeshare properties. Buying a timeshare is a great opportunity for those that will benefit from it. So when you go to a presentation, just keep these tips in mind: Be rational, be confident, and be open minded. You will have a much more pleasant experience that way .

Looking to find hints on how to sell timeshare, then visit Emil’s site full of tips and advice related to all things a timeshare and more.

Survival Kits For Emergency Preparedness: Will you be prepared within the event of an emergency as well as natural catastrophe

A spate of natural disasters around the globe and at residence reminds us that disasters are a component of our life, like it or not. While we don’t have the energy to stop major catastrophes we definitely have the power to improve our chances of survival or minimize the harm or inconvenience to ourselves and loved ones by being ready.. Recent surveys have shown that despite campaigns to raise awareness of the need to be prepared for man-made or natural disasters, several men and women have not acted on the message. Even in earthquake-prone areas, exactly where an usually heightened awareness of disaster possible exists, as quite a few as 60% of those surveyed still hadn’t ready a disaster plan or assemble the suggested evacuation or disaster survival kits.

If you are feeling some pangs of guilt at not being ready… very good… You owe it to your local community to be ready! If you have ever been via a cyclone or hurricane or major disaster you will know that the entire local community suffers in a catastrophe. Essential services are thrown into total chaos, and emergency services are swiftly swamped with cries for help. Really frequently, the agencies we would generally appear to for aid have their personal infrastructure damaged or disabled and are unable to assist. Life as we know it’s temporarily gone.

At these instances it is essential that community members help each other as best they can. By being prepared your self, you’ll have done what is very best for yourself, your neighbors plus the whole community.

Obtaining ready is simple and it needn’t cost a fortune. Disaster and emergency kit checklists are available at a lot of local community internet websites which have a tendency to cater for prevalent local threats. For concise checklists and incredibly detailed information and facts covering each disaster scenario you can imagine from earthquakes to terrorist threats, you only want to go to the FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) site and download or browse Are You Ready? An In-depth Guide to Citizen Preparedness.The FEMA guide is regularly revised and updated to present the public using the most present and up-to-date disaster preparedness information obtainable. You’ll also find videos covering disaster planning and preparedness.

FEMA suggest, at minimum, a 3 day supply of food, water and other essentials to be able to be essentially self-sufficient for the three days following a disaster. Following FEMA’s guide, you can swiftly tailor a solid list of essentials for the survival kit according to your own individual situation. You are able to decide on to save a little dollars by producing your personal kit or save time and simply acquire prepared created emergency survival kits available at many reputable on the web shops.
Get your disaster planning on the go these days… You owe it to yourself and the community.

Everyone needs to understand extra about survival skills and equipment . You don’t have to rely on luck when you have emergency survival kits .

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Academic Writing Survival Guide

Intimidated by academic essay writing? If you’re new at this (and even if you’re not, quite possibly), intimidation is to be expected. There’s nothing easy or simple about the demands of writing a journal article, conference paper, dissertation, or a graduate class paper. Learning how to combine complex theory, insightful analysis, and relevant literature into a coherent package is an art form that takes years to master. And because there’s always something at stake– a grade in a graduate course, a graduate degree, rejection, tenure, or what have you– this difficult kind of writing comes with some seriously stressful baggage. So where do you begin? Here some academic writing survival tips to help you get started. 1) Write Coherently Because the norms of academic writing are so theoretical and challenging, writers sometimes forget the basics– your essay has to make sense! Forget about trying to sound academic, and concentrate on writing something that’s readable. Yes, this can be quite a chore when you’re writing about complex ideas, but it’s so important. Keep this simple tips in mind: Explain terms that may be unfamiliar to the reader– and assume that the reader is a novice at these ideas. You can’t avoid jargon when you write about academic topic, but you can explain jargon. Always write using a fairly detailed outline. Include a thesis statement that previews your essay. Err on the side of simple sentence structure and language. If you can say the same thing in fewer words, do it. 2) Use Your Own Voice Academic writing involves lots of quotes, and it’s very easy to overdo your use of quotes in a way that obscures your own voice. Always define concepts in your own words, and if possible, use original examples to explain these concepts. It’s so tempting just to throw in a quote from someone famous to explain a concept, but don’t–unless you’re using this to back up an explanation you’ve already made. Don’t be afraid to speak through your writing. 3) Use Examples One mistake novice academic writers make is to make claims about a text (a literary work, a television show, or whatever it is they’re analyzing) or situation without backing up their claim with evidence. If you’re making an argument about a text, you need textual evidence. For example, if you make a claim that a novel represents women in a particular way, you need to discuss several scenes in the novel that illustrate that claim. If you make a claim that “studies show that violent video games aren’t as harmful to kids as people think,” then you need to discuss a few of those studies. Even if your paper is primarily about theory, it’s important to back up claims you make about theory with specific theoretical passages. 4) Cite Smart Find a good balance with citations. Your bibliography and in-text citations do need to be comprehensive– at least to a reasonable degree. You have to do your homework so that you don’t leave out any key writings in the field. It’s also important to check recent books and journal articles to make sure you’re not missing something significant that just came out. On the other hand, you can overdo your citations. Don’t cite works that are only related tangentially to your research. One thing to avoid: the bottomless parenthetical reference. That goes something like this: Research shows that violent video games aren’t as dangerous as people think (Ackerman, 2000, 2001, 2002; Brown, 2007; Cohen, 2004, 2005, 2008; Donohue, 2003; Fohery, 2007, 2008; Garcia, 2003, 2005; Hill, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008; Jackson, 2001, 2003…) You get the idea. It’s better to just include a few key works in a parenthetical references– and then to spend some paragraphs explaining relevant works. 5) Know Your Style Guides There’s no way around this tedious task. You need to know APA, MLA, Chicago, or whatever it is your field uses. Buy a book and know your stuff. Unfortunately, undergraduate classes usually don’t prepare students well enough for the style guide knowledge they’ll need as a grad student, so it may be up to you to pick up that darned book and figure it out for yourself. 6) Keep At It Academic writing does get easier. Like everything else, you need to work on your writing often and learn as you go. There’s a logic behind academic writing that does start to make more sense after awhile, so don’t give up. Best of luck!

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Survival Garden

Everyone has to buy food but you can benefit both monetarily and health wise from growing your own either in a garden or in containers indoors. For just a few dollars, you’ll be able to save hundreds or perhaps thousands. Don’t be dissuaded if you’ve never done it. Nature can take care of most of it for you. After all, things have been growing without our help for a long time. Some sites are daunting with all of the information out there but basically you need to dig a hole, plant a seed and water. (Seed packs display instructions also.)

You may have heard of heritage or heirloom seeds, which are simply seeds from plants that are passed down from back around 50 years ago or more when food didn’t taste like the container that they come in, not to mention the greater health benefits. They will not be genetically modified as some that you may buy in stores or online today. If you search online, you’ll locate many companies offering these types of seeds.

Note: It may be necessary to “hide” your plants to avoid thievery when it all hits the fan. Look for this to be a problem very soon. Try spreading your plots out in indiscrete areas around your house or even in public areas. Most people don’t know what a potato or carrot plant looks like and won’t mess with them.

Four seasons gardening is another option and will give you a year round food supply. You will probably need fluorescent or special grow lights for this but they will pay for themselves many times over. Just keep them on movable ropes or possibly a pulley system to keep them a few inches above the plants. A south facing window might just do the trick though as this will give them extended periods of sunshine.

You should try to water your plants at least every few days or more depending on the weather. One easy way to do this is to set up a sprinkler system or soaker hoses. Just buy some connectors where you can hook three or more hoses up as needed. If done right, all you’ll have to do is turn on the faucet in the morning for about 20 minutes and everything is done for you. If you want to get fancy, you can even buy a timer for a few bucks from the garden section and hook that up, which is easier than you might think. Of course, to save on the o’le water bill, you can use collected rain and what they call gray water from doing laundry, dishes or baths as long as it doesn’t contain bleach or other harsh chemicals. Dish soap, shampoo, conditioner, detergent and bar soap is okay.

Depending on the spare time available, you may want to maintain a compost pile of leftovers (no meats or dairy and some say to stay away from putting cooked food in to avoid vermin). Mix this with leaves, grass (unless it has been treated with weed killer, etc.), paper and cardboard strips (not glossy) and add water periodically to keep it moist. When it becomes the consistency of a crumbly soil, after about 3 months usually, it’s ready to mix in your soil or spread on top. Peat moss is also good for that and comes in big bags for a reasonable price from a lot of places. Other things such as sawdust, cow and horse manure (not from pets), and sand (if your soil is more clay like) may also be added.

Hope you are all well. Please visit http://www.survivalstew.blogspot.com to learn how to weather the crazy storm that is our economy. Its about to get worse but don’t worry. Just take the steps necessary to get through intact. Find out at Survival Stew: Prepare for Depression 2.0. It you don’t have your doctorate in economics and are not Grizzly Adams, don’t worry. This stuff is written in lay language for those that just want the facts, Dano. Also, visit the Survival Store on the blog for great items that will be indispensable in materials that are sure to make a big difference in your life.

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The Wilderness Survival – Altoid Stove

There are a variety of different stoves you can employ when you are practicing wilderness survival from MSR stoves to the humble tea light stove. And the large range in cost means you can find just the right thing to fit your pocket book.

A stove really only needs to contain two items – a fuel, and a container in which the fuel burners. Added components can be used to increase efficiency.

The simplest stoves are the tea light, cat food, and Altoid stoves. This article will discuss the bare bones Altoid stove, however the technique can be applied to just about any metal container you have lying around for wilderness survival.

The first item discussed will be the fuel used in the stove. At present, my current preferred fuel is the automotive additive called HEAT. You can get this at any gas station for about 2 or 3 dollars. It will easily ignite but does not produce fumes that can flare up light gasoline (do not EVER use gasoline as a fuel in a stove).

The stove itself is an empty Altoid tin with the top of the container removed prior to use. You do not want to have your cooking container sitting directly on the stove, as this may put the flames out. So you will need to either find an item that will allow your billycan or canteen cup to sit above the flames or you can just dig a small trench in the ground. This will house your stove and you can use the earth as your pot stand.

Place the stove in the trench or under your pot stand and add your fuel. With my test I found that 3 oz of fuel provides about a 20-minute burn, which should be sufficient to boil your water and heat your food. You can then light the fuel with your preferred method (match, lighter, ferro rod) and you are good to go. Just place your billycan or canteen on the pot stand and heat your food.

I thought that 3 oz of fuel was a lot to use in this stove, and you may be able to make the stove more efficient by adding some fiberglass insulation inside the tin. This will hold the fuel and provide a more even burn – but I have not yet tested this.

The knowledge you should keep is that you can basically create a stove from any metal container you have handy, but you may have efficiency issues. If this is tolerable, you can have a small, portable, nearly indestructible stove when you are in the wild. This is just one wilderness survival skill.

Ohio Valley Outfitters reviews gear and gives tips and tricks for wilderness survival.

Survival Blankets

Survival blankets are layered with Mylar and an inside material to provide superior warmth and trap body heat. A good array of survival blanket is used by wrapping the blanket lightly around your body. You do need a small space between your body and the blanket to lock in air, which then works to insulate your body.

Survival blankets are much different than those you will find in a customary bedroom.  These blankets are consisted from a thin sheet of silver or gold plastic material that can be used in an emergency situation to maintain body heat.

Your survival blankets work in several different ways to maintain body heat. Your body loses heat from radiation, which simply means that the surface of your skin radiates heat, through respiration when you breathe and through both convection and conduction. The wind chill factor shows the amount of heat that you can lose through convection as the wind works to cool your body when it perspires. A survival blanket actually works to keep moisture and radiant heat near your body by trapping a layer of air that insulates.

The survival blanket provides a layer of insulation that can keep in up to ninety percent of your body heat when used properly. You will want to be familiar with some basic instructions on the use of these blankets before using them yourself, particularly if you are in an emergency situation. In most cases, you will want a dry, warm area to use the blanket in and have some other warmth providing blankets to use, as well as the survival blanket.

When you need to prepare for an emergency there is nothing that is more vital than having supplies readily available to maintain your body heat. If you are living in a climate with snow in the winter, or even if you have snow all year round, then you will want to have several thermal blankets in each car you own as well as in your home. Owning a supply of these blankets in your first aid kit for emergency is just as important as having disinfectant and bandages on hand. Ensure you have enough for each person in your family to use. 

When using survival blankets in the outdoors you also need to be prepared with other supplies to maintain body heat. Even in condition wherein temperatures are as high as fifty degrees Fahrenheit you can have hypothermia if exposed to high winds or if you happen to fall into cold water. These blankets are a must-have addition for every backpackers, hikers and campers who enjoy the outdoors in cooler temperatures.

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